Wisdom teeth or third molars are the last teeth on each side of the upper and lower jaw. Wisdom teeth begin to erupt at the age of 17 to 25. There are some cases that they being to erupt at much earlier age. In most cases there are only four erupting wisdom teeth, but in some other cases there can be less than four or even more than four in these cases the extra erupting teeth are called supernumerary teeth.
When wisdom teeth are erupted they can easily affect other teeth as they become impacted. This is when extraction is needed.
Wisdom teeth symptoms can start from having pain on the back of the mouth, behind the molars, this pain will gradually increase as the wisdom teeth continue to grow misaligned or sideways inside the mouth. Other symptoms that can occur when eruptions happening are pain, redness, tenderness, and swelling around the area.
Not only that, but you can also feel a tingling sensation on the cheeks when laying down. When wisdom teeth are being erupted fever can appear and you can also feel fatigue due to the muscle spam. Since wisdom teeth are the last teeth to come in/erupt the space they have is very limited in the oral cavity. Since there is no space for the wisdom teeth to accommodate it leads them to be impacted. When this happens, swelling and tenderness occurs around the area and this is when extraction is needed.
When this extraction treatment is needed, the erupted teeth will be removed. After, extraction a light amount of pain and swelling may occur, but should go away within a few days after extraction. The removal of wisdom teeth should not cause affect the bite due to any crowding or impaction. After surgery is completed swelling in the face and neck are common. Ice packs and any other pain medication prescribed by dentist or oral surgeon can help minimize the swelling and/or pain.
Dry socket is a complication that can occur when having a wisdom tooth extracted. This dry socket occurs in the first 5 days after the tooth had been extracted. This happens when the blood clot breakdown and the nerves and bone are exposed. This dry socket is very painful only 2 to 5% of people will develop a dry socket. To help minimize the pain of this dry socket the oral surgeon will rinse out the empty pocket and to remove and debris. An antibiotic can be prescribed to help decrease the pain and have less discomfort. If there is proper care taken the healing procedure should be done within 7 to 10 days.
A related condition to this is Periocornitis, this condition happens when there is not enough space for the wisdom teeth to erupt. This dental infection occurs when the wisdom tooth is partially erupted and this allows for food or plaque to lodge under the gum tissue.